Pitahaya is a fruit found in Central American countries and in the Peruvian jungle. The tree grows in tropical climates, is very resistant to drought, is similar to prickly pear, and has a large amount of vitamin C.
Scientific name: Hylocereus trigonus.
Description: it is an exotic fruit, although it is not native to Peru, it grows in our jungle and in tropical America, there are two versions of this fruit, red and yellow. The red variety is grown in Mexico, Nicaragua and Vietnam, the yellow one is found in Peru in addition to Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador.
Origin: its origin is Central American and it is distributed in Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Brazil, Panama, Mexico, Curaçao.
Color: yellow and red.
Size: The red one is 120 mm long and 75 in diameter, the yellow one is approximately 90 mm and has a diameter of 65 to 70 mm.
Use: the fruit can be consumed fresh or processed, in the industry the pulp of the pitahaya can be used to make jellies, ice creams, yogurts, jams, jellies or soft drinks.
Other names: pitaya, thistle, pineapple, pitaja, chalice flower.
For every 100 g of edible portion:
Water 85.4 g
Carbohydrates 13.2 g
Fat 0.1 g
Protein 0.4 g
Fiber 0.5 g
Ashes 0.4 g
Calcium 10 mg
Phosphorus 16 mg
Iron 0.6 mg
Thiamine 0.03 mg
Riboflavin 0.04 mg
Niacin 0.2 mg
Ascorbic acid 4 mg